”a) advanced nuclear energy research and development in the areas agreed upon between the contracting parties; However, given that the amount of nuclear fuel needed for the electricity generation sector is much larger than the amount needed to maintain a nuclear weapons program and that India`s uranium stockpile represents only 1% of the world`s known reserves, NSG`s uranium export restrictions have been mainly affected by India`s nuclear production capacity. In particular, the sanctions imposed by the NSG call into question India`s long-term plans to expand and explore its civilian nuclear production capacity from its current capacity of approximately 4GWe (gigawatt-electricity) to a capacity of 20 GWe by 2020; provided that the proposed extension uses conventional uranium or plutonium nuclear power plants with heavy water and light water. Two agencies, including. B Atomic Minerals Directorate for Exploration and Research (AMD) and Uranium Corporation of India Limited (UCIL) of the Department of Atomic Energy, are active in the exploration and extraction of uranium, or for its exclusive use as fuel in Indian government nuclear power plants. On 2 March 2006, George W. Bush and Manmohan Singh signed a nuclear cooperation agreement in New Delhi, after being signed at the summit of the two heads of state in Washington in July 2005 on civil nuclear cooperation.  Currently, India has a thriving and largely indigenous nuclear program and expects a nuclear capacity of 14.6 GWe by 2024 and 63 GWe by 2032. By 2050, 25% of electricity is expected to be generated from nuclear power. India has the vision of becoming the world leader in nuclear technology thanks to its expertise in fast reactors and the thorium fuel cycle. There are several other factors such as nuclear energy is a high-density fuel, it is relatively cleaner than other fossil fuels and can have a geographic distribution as needed. Electricity generation costs are also competitive. Renewable technologies in India are still in development and are much more expensive than nuclear power. These factors make nuclear energy an essential contribution to India`s energy needs.
The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) was established to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons and weapons technology, promote cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, and promote the goal of general and complete disarmament and disarmament. India refused to sign the contract for discriminatory and unfair treatment. 04.10.2008: Foreign Minister Rice visits Delhi. India and the United States are not in a position to conclude the nuclear agreement with New Delhi and insist that they will not do so until President Bush enshrines it in a law, an opportunity where he expects some concerns to be lifted. India and the United States signed Agreement 123 on Civil Nuclear Cooperation. When details of serious inconsistencies were revealed between what was said in the Indian Parliament about the agreement and the facts about the agreement submitted by the Bush administration to the U.S. Congress, India increasingly opposed the agreement.