Here`s a look at what the Paris agreement does, how it works and why it is so crucial to our future. The Paris Agreement, drawn up for two weeks in Paris at the 21st United Nations Conference of the Parties (COP21) on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and adopted on 12 December 2015 marked a historic turning point in the fight against global climate change, as world leaders representing 195 nations agreed on an agreement containing commitments from all countries to combat climate change and adapt to its impact. At the end of COP 21 (the 21st meeting of the conference of the parties at the conference chairing the conference), on 12 December 2015, the final text of the Paris Agreement was adopted by all 195 participating UNFCCC member states and by the European Union[4] to reduce emissions under the method of reducing greenhouse gas emissions. In the 12-language agreement,[54] members promised to reduce their carbon emissions ”as soon as possible” and do their best to keep global warming ”well below 2 degrees Celsius.” [63] Although the United States and Turkey are not parties to the agreement, as countries have not indicated their intention to withdraw from the 1992 UNFCCC, they will continue, as Schedule 1 countries, to prepare national communications and an annual inventory of greenhouse gases. [91] The Paris Agreement provides a sustainable framework that determines global efforts for decades to come. The aim is to increase countries` climate ambitions over time. To achieve this, the agreement provides for two review processes, each in a five-year cycle. Implementation of the agreement by all Member States will be evaluated every five years, with the first evaluation in 2023. The result will be used as an input for new national contributions from Member States.

[30] The inventory will not be national contributions/achievements, but a collective analysis of what has been achieved and what remains to be done. The Secretary-General of the United Nations is the custodian of the agreement. Therefore, the text and status of the agreement, including information on the parties who signed and ratified the agreement, contain information on the UN treaty on the website in the Mtdsg Treaty Status Database.