A confidentiality agreement can protect any type of information that is not known to all. However, confidentiality agreements may also contain clauses protecting the person receiving the information, so that if they legally receive the information through other sources, they would not be required to keep that information secret.  In other words, the confidentiality agreement generally requires that the receiving party process confidential information only if that information has been transmitted directly by the publishing party. However, it is sometimes easier to get a recipient party to sign a simple agreement, which is shorter, less complex and does not contain security rules to protect the recipient. [Citation required] A Confidentiality Agreement (NDA), also known as a Confidentiality Agreement (CA), Confidential Disclosure Agreement (CDA), Intellectual Property Information Agreement (PIA) or Confidentiality Agreement (SA), is a legal contract or part of a contract between at least two parties that describes confidential information, knowledge or information that the parties wish to communicate with each other for specific purposes, but which limits access to it. Physician-patient confidentiality (doctor-patient privilege-privilege), solicitor-client privilege, priestly privilege, bank client confidentiality and kickback agreements are examples of NDAs that are often not enshrined in a written contract between the parties. That`s just not good enough, Michael Bloomberg needs to make a general publication so that all the women who have been muzzled by the confidentiality agreements can tell their page of the story regarding what Michael Bloomberg did. In California (and some other U.S. states), there are special circumstances regarding confidentiality agreements and non-compete clauses. California`s courts and legislatures have indicated that they value the mobility and entrepreneurship of a worker in general more than protectionist doctrines.  Although SandRidge Midstates proposed a Confidentiality Agreement (NDA), Midstates would require a stay, which is an unusual condition for a party that has made a public offer. ”Confidentiality agreement.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/confidentiality%20agreement.